POSTGRADUATE TEACHING (TO ADD APPENDICES)
The postgraduate studies at the Faculty of Dentistry are the basis for raising the level for creating scientific and specialized staff, as well as strengthening the staff of the Faculty and creating staff who will follow and apply the latest world achievements and provide top dental health care.
The postgraduate studies, i.e. the second cycle of studies at the Faculty of Dentistry in Skopje, are organized as:
THIRD CYCLE STUDIES – DOCTORAL STUDIES
The study program for the third cycle of studies – doctoral studies in dentistry, was established in 2010 as a result of the beginnings of the work of the School for doctoral studies at the University “St. Cyril and Methodius”. The doctoral studies at the University are organized and performed in accordance with the rules of the Bologna Process and the European Credit Transfer System. With the establishment of this school, the wish of the graduated dentists was fulfilled, and that was to be able to acquire modern titles by using methods and scientific techniques applied in the developed university centers, in order to create professionals who will build successful careers and will contribute to the development of their work environment. The initiative for professional development and scientific development of young doctors until their defense of the doctoral dissertation through a mentoring system at the Faculty of Dentistry – Skopje, within the University “St. Cyril and Methodius “, successfully dates from the school year 1976/77. This system continued until the emergence of the University School of Doctoral Studies when the old model of obtaining the title of Doctor of Science was abandoned and a significant reform in higher education was accepted following the example of already proven and developed European universities with a long tradition. The School for Doctoral Studies, which also includes the study program for doctoral studies at the Faculty of Dentistry, is the first in the organization of this type of studies in the country and in the Balkans in general, and reflects the integrative functioning of the University.
Doctoral studies are coordinated by the University Professional Council for Doctoral Studies at the University “St. Cyril and Methodius” University in Skopje, established by the University Senate.
The initial version of the modern study program for doctoral studies in dentistry was adopted in 2010, and then, with the re-accreditation of the programs in 2014 and 2018, changes and amendments were incorporated, which followed the modern professional and scientific achievements, the curricula and staff potential of the Faculty were refreshed and improved and they were harmonized with the contents of doctoral studies in Europe and beyond.
The number of enrolled students in doctoral studies at the Faculty of Dentistry, where there is great interest of foreign students, for all modules (sub-programs) in the period from 2011 to 2019, is as follows:
2011/2012 – 34 students;
2012/2013 – 3 students;
2013/2014 – 6 students;
2014/2015 – 13 students;
2015/2016 – 11 students;
2016/2017 – 6 students;
2018/2019 – 25 students and
2019/20 – 15 students.
The total number of doctoral students at the Faculty of Dentistry in the period from 2009 to 2019 is 73. This number also includes doctoral students under the previous mentoring system. (Appendix)
With the introduction of the School of Doctoral Studies, the mentors of doctoral dissertations are accredited by the Accreditation Board from the ranks of full-time and associate professors. At the Faculty of Dentistry, the number of accredited mentors in the third cycle of studies with Decisions from the Accreditation Board, in 2019/2020, from all modules (sub-programs), is 27 mentors. The number of potential mentors with submitted accreditation applications from the ranks of associate professors who expect a response from the Accreditation Board is 14.
For each accredited study program for doctoral studies at the Faculty of Dentistry, a Council of the study program is formed, composed of persons selected in teaching-scientific titles accredited in the study program. The study program is managed by a head elected by the Study Program Council, who is approved by the Rectorate of the University.
The first elected head of the Study Program for Doctoral Studies at the Faculty of Dentistry in the period 2011-2015, was prof. Phd. Mirjana Popovska. In the period 2015-2019, this study program was led by prof. Phd. Vladimir Popovski, who was re-elected at this position in October this year, with a new term of five years.
Until 2014, the study program for the third cycle of studies-doctoral studies in dentistry was organized in 4 modules. With the re-accreditation in 2014, the number of modules increased to 7. The same number of modules remained with the re-accreditation of the program in 2018:
Module A – Dental prosthetics
Module B – Pediatric and preventive dentistry
Module C – Dental pathology
Module D – Orthodontics
Module E – Oral Surgery
Module F – Maxillofacial Surgery
Module G – Oral pathology and periodontology
The teaching-educational process of the third cycle covers the structure of the study program developed through the 7 sub-programs, as well as the staff involved in the teaching process.
The study program for the third cycle of studies-doctoral studies is built of three components that have a certain order:
• Research training – basic (generic) subjects (12 ECTS) and participation in seminars, workshops, congresses, report writing during three years (18 ECTS). The generic subjects are organized and realized by the University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius”, and are performed by teachers from the Faculty of Dentistry.
Doctoral seminars, conferences and workshops from research practice amount to 18 ECTS. The annual conferences are organized for each academic year and are realized with a public presentation. The annual seminars are valued at 2 credits and are realized in the form of valorization of credits for written thesis. Research practice workshops are organized within the study program. Each workshop is valued at 3 ECTS.
• Education training – subjects from the field, subjects from the field of research, specific subjects from the narrow field organized in modules (30 ECTS).
The education training covers subjects from the field, area and narrower area of research, which amounts to 30 ECTS credits. This group of subjects includes mandatory and elective subjects. The mandatory subjects are two and they have 10 ECTS credits each (2×10 = 20 ECTS), and two elective subjects with 5 ECTS credits (2×5 = 10 ECTS) from the narrower area of research, a total of 30 ECTS credits. Each student of doctoral studies, according to their own affinities and desires, chooses a module (sub-program) in which he/she will be further scientifically upgraded and from where the idea and the preparation of the doctoral thesis will originate.
• Application, preparation and defense of doctoral dissertation – scientific research activity (120 ECTS). Regarding the application, preparation and defense of the doctoral dissertation, there are certain activities that are mandatory for doctoral students and graduate student studying for a doctorate.
|Application, preparation and defense of a doctoral dissertation||Number of credits|
|1.||Literature, consultations on the choice of the topic in the first semester||3|
|2.||Research for preparation of a topic for a doctoral dissertation in the second semester||11|
|3||Research, preparation and submission of applications for the topic of doctoral dissertation in III semester||28|
|4.||Research and publication of results in the IV semester||25|
|5.||Research and publication of results in the V semester||28|
|6.||Research and publication of results in the VI semester||25|
The teaching-educational activity of the third cycle of studies is a basis for the students from educational and scientific-research aspect. It is imperative of the staff engaged in the teaching process from the third cycle to overcome certain shortcomings and to continue with the improvement of the quality of teaching and the transfer of professional and scientific knowledge to future staff and younger colleagues. For that purpose, teachers and associates permanently expand their knowledge, continuously follow the world trends and visit the reference institutions outside our country in order to compare the quality, but also to apply new methods and techniques in the interest of health, science, and education.
A great stimulus for the staff are the conducted surveys in which students have the opportunity to highlight the pros and cons of the lecturers, to give their suggestions and comments in order to overcome the shortcomings and improve the quality of the educational process in the interest of science.
Because science knows no barriers and requires freedom and creativity, the doctoral programs in dental science are fully organized as an open system with an interdisciplinary character that incorporates content from many areas of dentistry, and health in general. Through the new program settings, the students of doctoral studies in dentistry, after graduation, gain competencies to be able to independently organize and conduct scientific researches in certain areas. The studies further enable continuation and improvement in the work of scientific-research projects in the field of biomedicine and health, as well as research visits in international centers and institutes.
After completing the doctoral studies and obtaining the scientific degree of Doctor of Dental Sciences, there is an opportunity for employment in the public sector, in scientific and teaching institutions, within our country and abroad, which will certainly depend on the availability of domestic and international funds that provide numerous opportunities for further development of doctors of dental sciences.